A consistent difference in academic test scores between groups of students. The gaps most frequently referred to are those between white students and minority groups such as African-American and Hispanic students.
A series of high-level courses that high school students can take to earn college credits.
Any form of measuring what students know and are able to do other than traditional tests. Examples are: oral reports, projects, performances, experiments, portfolios (collections of student’s work), and class participation.
The ACT is one of the two commonly used tests designed to assess high school students' general educational development and their ability to complete college-level work.
An untimed, computerized test that helps colleges evaluate skills so that students can be placed into appropriate courses. Compass scores indicate areas of strength and those that need improvement, allowing colleges to help chart a course of study for students.
A combination of on-the-job training (OJT) and related classroom instruction under the supervision of a trade professional.
Association of Career and Technical Education – The largest national education association dedicated to the advancement of education that preps youth and adults for careers.
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery – Developed and maintained by the U.S. Department of Defense it is part of the military’s career exploration program, an aptitude test that helps young adults identify and explore potentially satisfying occupations. Typically taken in the 10th, 11th and 12th grades.
The fundamental skills needed to succeed in school and eventually in life. Historically, these skills have included the ability to read, write, and calculate (math).
The level of performance students should show by a particular point in their schooling.
Classes that allow students to get credit for training in a skill or trade while still in high school. CTE classes may be held on-site or at a skill center.
A school that is run by a group of organizers other than the school board and free from most state and local regulations.
College readiness is the level of preparation a student needs to succeed in credit-bearing courses in college. “Succeed” means that a student is completing entry level courses in a way that prepares them for courses that follow. Career readiness if the level of preparation a high school graduate needs to proceed to the next step in a chosen career path – that can be through traditional, community, career college coursework, industry certification, apprenticeship or job experience. Career readiness includes core academic skills and the ability to apply those skills to concrete situations to function at work and in daily routines.
Standards that describe what students should know and be able to do in core academic subjects at each grade level.
A course or program where high school students can earn both high school and college credits for the same course.
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.
Measures the learning outcomes all students must attain in order to succeed in college and careers. Each assessment includes problem based questions embedded in both academic and real world contexts that are accessible and relevant to high school students.
Technical and job specific skills related to a specific career pathway.
An online resource for students from sixth through 12th grades to help them plan for college and career, search for job opportunities, colleges, identify scholarships and chart a pathway after graduation.
Kentucky’s community college system with campuses and locations across KY.
Kentucky Department of Education
A testing system providing free, online placement exams that measure readiness for college level learning. KY seniors who have not met ACT benchmarks in math, reading and/or English should take the readiness exams following completion of a transitional course.
An alternative public school that often focuses on a particular area of study, such as performing arts or science and technology in a particular area of study.
Also called “the Nation’s Report Card,” this federal test uses groups of 4th, 8th and 12th grade students from around the country to measure progress in reading, mathematics, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, and the arts. Scores are reported nationally and by state, but not for individual students or schools.
Parent Teacher Association– A national, nonprofit organization, independent of the public school system that supports family involvement in schools and advocates for children. When student members are included, the name often becomes PTSA or Parent Teacher Student Association.
A course that must be completed before a student is allowed to register for a more advanced course.
A test widely used as a college entrance examination. Also known as the SAT Reasoning Test (formerly called the Scholastic Aptitude Test).
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 extended civil rights to people with disabilities. It allows for reasonable accommodations as necessary for each student. Plans are often referred to as “504 Plans.”